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July 17, 2020
2020-1823

East African Community implements trade and duty changes

Executive summary

On 30 June 2020, the East African Community (EAC) Secretariat released EAC Gazette Notice No. 10 of 2020 (the Gazette).1 The Gazette highlights changes to the EAC Customs Management Act, 2004 (EACCMA) and the EAC Common External Tariff (EAC CET) with effect from 1 July 2020. The Council of Ministers (The Council) has, through the Gazette, implemented a number of trade changes which affect both individual EAC Partner States and the EAC region as a whole.

This Alert highlights certain international trade-related changes introduced by the Gazette across Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Rwanda affecting importers.

Detailed discussion

EAC policy changes

CET amendments

There were no amendments to the existing CET import duty rates. Changes to the CET rate are scheduled to be implemented following a comprehensive review of the EAC CET regime adopted by the Council.

Amendments to the exemptions regime

Effective 1 July 2020, the Gazette introduced amendments to general exemptions from import duty under the Fifth Schedule of the EACCMA covering the following:

  • Amendment of the exemption of horticulture, aquaculture, agriculture and floriculture inputs:
    • The new amendment has included agricultural implements and fertilized eggs for incubation as part of imported goods qualifying for exemption from import duty.
    • This exemption now requires the involvement of the Ministry of Agriculture to get a recommendation and approval of the exemption. In Kenya, the involvement of the Ministry of Agriculture is now aligned with "Guidelines/framework for requesting, processing and granting of tax exemption/waiver/variation/remission on a national tax, a fee or a charge," issued on 18 October 2019.
  • Amendment of the exemption of relief goods imported for emergency use in specific areas where natural disaster/calamity has occurred to include any supplies for diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and management of epidemics, pandemics and health hazards as recommended by the competent authority in the Ministry responsible for Health.
  • Amendment of the exemption of specialized solar and wind energy equipment. The EAC has over time revised several times the duty exemption policy relating to renewable energy, moreso, specialized solar and wind equipment. The initial L.N. No. 12 dated 30 June 2006 applied the exemption on solar power which was amended in 2010 to include wind energy. This was further amended through L.N. No. 23 dated 20 June 2014 and L.N. No. 39 dated 30 June 2016 to provide further clarification on which items are exempted under this provision.

The current amendment has provided additional clarification as follows:

  • Removal of the requirement of imported goods under the exemption to be used in the development of solar or wind energy.
  • Clarification that the following items also qualify for exemption; Photovoltaic (PV) Modules, Direct Current Charge Controllers, Direct Current Inverters and Solar.

Duty remission

The EAC duty remission scheme allows waiver of duty or refrainment from exacting of duty on Gazetted inputs imported by Gazetted users (inputs and users set forth under the Gazette). The Gazette stipulates items approved by the council to be imported at a lower rate under remission in accordance with Section 140 of EACCMA and the EAC Duty Remission Regulations, 2008.

Updated remission list

The following items have been granted duty remission and are available to applicants from the respective EAC countries provided that the importers are approved and Gazetted before importation:

Tariff and description

Countries eligible for duty remission on imported items

Import duty

Current rate

Rate under remission

Wheat (wheat grain) under 1001.99.10 or 1001.99.90

Kenya and Tanzania

35%

10%

Burundi

0%

Palm stearin (RBD) of 1511.90.40

Tanzania

10%

0%

Inputs for use in the manufacture of Energy Saving Stoves

Kenya and Uganda

 

0%

Sear parts (recliner mechanism) of 9401.90.00 for the manufacture of automotive seats

Kenya

25%

0%

Equipment for polishing and heating gemstones

Tanzania and Uganda

 

0%

Other organic surface agents (3402.19.00)

Uganda and Burundi

25%

0%

Industrial sugar of 1701.99.10

Burundi

100% or $460/MT whichever is higher

0%

8414.51.00 Unassembled floor, table and wall fans

Uganda

25%

10%

8516.60.00 Unassembled cookers

Uganda

10%

10%

3302.10.00 Odiferous mixtures of a kind used as raw materials in the food or drink industries

Uganda

10%

0%

In the event that finished products (manufactured using inputs imported under country specific remission are sold in the Customs territory (EAC), such goods shall attract duties, levies and other charges provided in the EAC CET. If a remission regime is applied across all the EAC countries (i.e., favoring all EAC manufacturers), the restriction above would not apply.

EAC duty remission

The Council has stayed the application of conditions contained in Legal Notice LN EAC/39/2013, pertaining to duty remission on the motorcycle assembly industry, for one more year. The Legal Notice provides for duty remission for assemblers of Completely Knocked Down (CKD) kits who procure/manufacture the following specified parts within the EAC; main frame, suspension, or a combination of seat and seat frame, mudguard, wheel rim, break gear and exhaust pipe.

Tariff and description

Countries eligible for duty remission on imported items

Import duty

Current rate

Rate under remission

Motorcycle kits imported by gazetted assemblers

EAC countries

25%

10%

Country specific stays of application of the CET

Kenya

The Council has approved various stays of application of CET duty rates on select items in Kenya, effective for the one-year period from 1 July 2020. These measures, implemented to address specific economic needs, have a two-fold effect; either an increase or a decrease in duty rates as follows:

Duty increment

Tariff

Description

Import duty

Previous rate

Effective rate from 1 July 2020 –
1 July 2021

1507.90.00

1511.90.30

1511.90.40

1511.90.90

1512.19.00

1515.29.00

Refined soya bean oil

RDB palm olein

RDB palm stearine

Other palm oil refined

Sunflower oil

Refined corn oil

25%

25% or US $500/MT

4410.11.00

4410.12.00

4410.19.00

4410.90.00

Particle board

Oriented strand board (OSB)

Other

Other

25%

25% or US$110/MT

4805.19.00

4805.91.00

Other uncoated paper and paper board in rolls or sheets, not further worked or processed

Weighing 150g/m2

10%

25%

4819.20.10

Skillets, free hinge lid packets

10%

25%

6405.10.00

Shoes with leather uppers

25%

25% or US$5/Pair

6403.12.00

Ski boots, cross country ski footwear and snowboard boots

25%

25% or US$2.5/Pair

4202.11.00

Travel goods (i.e., trunks, suitcases, sports bags and similar items of leather

25%

35%

6401.10.00

Waterproof footwear with outer soles and uppers of rubber or of plastics, the uppers of which are neither fixed to the sole nor assembled by stitching, riveting, nailing, screwing, plugging or similar processes. Footwear incorporating a protective metal toecap. Articles like Safety Gumboots.

25%

25% or US$2.5/Pair

6402.19.00

Other footwear with outer soles and uppers of rubber or Plastics. Full Plastic footwear.

25%

25% or US$2.5/Pair

6403.20.00

Footwear with outer soles of leather, and uppers which consist of leather straps across the instep and around the big toe

25%

25% or US$5/Pair

7211.90.00

7212.20.00

Other

Electrolytically plated or coated with zinc (Metal Coating)

10%

10% or US$125/MT

7212.60.00

Clad

10%

10% or US$125/MT

7216.31.10

7216.32.10

7216.33.10

7216.40.10

U sections

I sections

H sections

L or T sections

0%

25% or US$250/MT

7217.10.00

7222.11.00

7222.19.00

7222.20.00

7222.30.00

7222.40.00

Not plated or coated, whether or not polished

Other bars and rods of stainless steel; angles, shapes and sections of stainless steel

10%

25% or US$250/MT

7225.50.00

Other, not further worked than cold-rolled (cold-reduced)

10%

10% or US$125/MT

7226.92.00

Flat-rolled products of other alloy steel, of a width of less than 600 mm. – Not further worked than cold-rolled (cold-reduced)

10%

10% or US$125/MT

7306.30.00

7306.50.00

7306.61.00

7306.69.00

7306.90.00

Other, welded, of circular cross-section, of iron or non-alloy steel

Other, welded, of circular cross-section, of other alloy steel

Of square or rectangular cross-section

Of other non-circular cross-section

Other Tubes, pipes and hollow profiles (for example, open seam or welded, riveted or similarly closed) of iron or steel

25%

25% or US$200/MT

7308.90.91

Road guard rails

10%

25% or US$250/MT

7311.00.00

Containers for compressed or liquefied gas, of iron or steel – Liquid Gas cylinders (LPG)

0%

25%

7317.00.00

Nails, tacks, drawing pins, corrugated nails, staples (other than those of heading 83.05) and similar articles, of iron or steel, whether or not with heads of other material, but excluding such articles with heads of copper

25%

35% or US$350/MT

7318.15.00

Other screws and bolts, whether or not with their nuts or washers

25%

35% or US$250/MT

7318.16.00

Nuts

10%

35% or US250/MT

7318.19.00

7318.23.00

7318.29.00

Other

Rivets

Other

10%

35% or US$350/MT

7320.10.00

Leaf-springs and leaves therefore

25%

25% or US$250/MT

7321.19.00

7321.89.00

Stove, range, grates, cookers (including those with subsidiary boilers for central heating), barbecues, braziers, gas rings, plage warmers and similar non-electric domestic appliances, and part thereof, of iron or steel – other, including appliances for solid fuel – other, including appliances for solid fuel

10%

25%

7326.90.90

Other articles of iron or steel

25%

25% or US$250/MT

8304.00.00

8311.10.00

Filing cabinets

Coated electrodes of base metal, for electric arc-welding

25%

25% or US$250/MT

9403.30.00

9403.40.00

9403.50.00

9403.60.00

Wooden furniture of a kind used in offices

Wooden furniture of a kind used in the kitchen

Wooden furniture of a kind used in the bedroom

Other wooden furniture

25%

35% for one year

9406.90.90

Prefabricated buildings-Others

25%

35% or US$ 250/MT

6907.21.00

6907.22.00

6907.23.00

6907.30.00

6907.40.00

Ceramic flags and paving, hearth or wall tiles; unglazed ceramic mosaic cubes and the like, whether or not on a backing; finishing ceramics

25%

30% or US$1.75/SQM

8802.11.00

8802.12.00

8802.20.00

Helicopters of unladen weight of below 2000kgs

Helicopters of unladen weight of above 2000kgs

Airplanes and other aircraft, of an unladen weight not exceeding 2,000 kg

0%

25%

Heading 8544 excluding cables of tariff 8544.70

Insulated (including enameled or anodized) wire, cable (including co-axial cable) and other insulated electric conductors, whether or not fitted with connectors; optical fiber cables, made up of individually sheathed fibers, whether or not assembled.

25%

35%

8536.50.00

Other switches for a volt not exceeding 1,000 volts

10%

35%

The stays of application that aim at increasing duty rates of imported items are geared towards protection of local industries from competing similar imports.

Duty reduction

This is mainly aimed at ensuring accessibility and affordability of these imports that are a necessity in the country.

Tariff

Description

Import duty

Previous rate

Effective rate from 1 July 2020 –
1 July 2021

1006.10.00

1006.20.00

1006.30.00

1006.40.00

Rice in the husk

Husked (brown) rice

Semi milled or wholly milled rice

Broken rice

75% or US$345/MT

35% or US$200/MT

7225.30.00

Other, not further worked than hot-rolled, in coils

10%

0%

Chapter 61 and 62

(Excluding the sensitive items at 50% rate – {6211.42.10 6211.43.10 6211.49.10}

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted and Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

50%

35%

6309.00.10

Worn items of clothing

35% or US$0.40/kg whichever is higher

35% or US$ 0.20/Kg

3905.91.00

Polymers of vinyl acetate or of other vinyl esters, in primary forms; other vinyl polymers in primary forms – Others: Copolymer.

10%

0%

Uganda

The Council has approved various stays of application of CET duty rates on select items in Uganda, effective for a one-year period from 1 July 2020. These measures, effected to address specific economic needs, have a two-fold effect; either an increase or a decrease in duty rates as follows:

Duty increment

Tariff

Description

Import duty

Previous rate

Effective rate from 1 July 2020 –
1 July 2021

6115.21.00

6115.22.00

6403.99.00

Gum boot linings

25%

35%

33.04

33.05

Beauty or make up preparations

25%

35%

8504.31.00

8504.32.00

Transformers (Both dry and liquid)

10%

25%

3920.20.90

Other of polymers of styrene (Printed plastic labels)

25%

35%

8517.12.00

Mobile phones

0%

10%

3919.90.90

Self-adhesive plates, sheets, film, foil, tape, strip and other flat shapes of plastics, whether or not in rolls

25%

35%

3605.00.00

Safety matches

25%

25% or US$1.35/Kg

7311.00.00

Containers for compressed or liquefied gas, of iron or steel – Liquid Gas cylinders (LPG)

0%

25%

7317.00.00

Nails, tacks, drawing pins, corrugated nails, staples (other than those of heading 83.05) and similar articles, of iron or steel, whether or not with heads of other material, but excluding such articles with heads of copper.

25%

35% or US$350/MT

0701.90.00

0710.10.00

2004.10.00

2005.20.00

Cooked potatoes, fresh or chilled, other than seed

25%

60%

0409.00.00

1702.90.00

Honey – natural and artificial

25%

60%

2002.90.00

Tomato paste and other preserved tomatoes

25%

35%

8528.72.90

Television sets

25%

35%

9503.00.00

Toys

25%

35%

3306.10.00

3306.90.00

Toothpaste and other mouth wash preparations

25%

35%

0901.21.00 0901.22.00 0901.90.00 2101.11.00 2102.12.00

Processed coffee

25%

60%

09.02

2101.20.00

Processed tea

25%

60%

0910.11.00

0910.12.00

Ginger

25%

60%

20.07

Jams, marmalades, jelly

25%

60%

3405.10.00

Shoe polish

25%

35%

2008.11.00

Peanut butter

25%

60%

1806.90.00

Bread spreads

25%

60%

0703.10.00

0703.20.00

0703.90.00

Onions, shallots, garlic, leeks... etc., fresh or chilled

25%

60%

1512.29.00

Refined cotton-seed oil

25%

60%

1512.19.00

Refined sunflower seed or sunflower oil

25%

60%

18.05

Cocoa powder in packing with a net content exceeding

0%

60%

18.06

Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa

25%

60%

3808.91.31

3808.91.32

3808.91.39

Other insecticides put up for retail sale

25%

35%

67.04

Wigs, false beards, eyebrows and eyelashes, etc.; human hair, nes

25%

35%

04.05

Butter and other fats and oils de-rived from milk; dairy spreads

25%

60%

1901.20.90

Mixes and doughs for the preparation of bakers' wares of heading

25%

35%

6306.12.00

6306.19.00

Tarpaulins

25%

35%

6912.00.00

Ceramic toilet seats and cisterns

25%

35%

8212.20.00

Maternity (Mama) kit

25%

0%

3401.20.10

Other soap in other forms – Soap Noodles

25%

10%

4011.40.00

New pneumatic tires of rubber, of a kind used on motorcycles

10%

35%

7217.20.00

Wire of iron or non-alloy steel

10%

35% or US$350/MT

7210.11.00

7210.20.00

7216.50.00

Flat rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel products of iron or non-alloy steel

25%

25% or US$200/MT

7212.60.00

Flat rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel

10%

25% or US$250/MT

5408.33.00

Jacquard material for making spring mattresses (printed with Logo

25%

10%

5513.49.00

Poly cotton material for making mattresses

 

10%

1003.90.00

Barley

 

10%

3905.30.00

Poly vinyl alcohol

 

0%

1601.00.00

Sausages and similar products

25%

60%

1704.10.00

1704.90.00

Chewing gum

Other sugar confectionery (sweets)

25%

35%

17.04

Chocolates

25%

35%

19.05

Biscuits

25%

60%

2103.20.00

Tomato sauce

25%

60%

2201.10.00

Mineral water

25%

60%

2710.19.10

Partly refined base oil

0%

10%

2710.19.51

Lubricants in liquid form

25%

60%

2710.19.52

Lubricating greases

25%

60%

3401.11.00

3401.19.00

3401.20.90

3401.30.00

Soap and organic surface-active products for use as soap

25%

35%

48.19

Cartons, boxes, cases, bags and other packing containers of paper

25%

35%

4818.10.00

4820.20.00

Toilet paper

Exercise books

25%

60%

4911.10.00

4911.91.00

4911.99.10

Trade advertising material

Pictures, designs and photographs

Instructional charts and diagrams

25%

35%

63.01

Blankets

25%

35%

7308.30.00

7610.10.00

3925.20.00

Doors, windows and their frames and thresholds for doors of iron and steel and Plastic/polymers

25%

35%

94.03

94.01

9402.90.90

Furniture and parts thereof

25%

35%

94.04

Mattress supports and mattresses

25%

35%

9603.21.00

Toothbrushes

25%

60%

9608.10.00

Ball point pens

25%

60%

85.07

Electric accumulators

25%

35%

7323.10.00

Iron or steel wool; pot scourers and scouring or polishing pads, gloves and the like

25%

35%

8311.10.00

Coated electrodes of base metal, for electric arc-welding

25%

35%

8704.22.90

8704.23.90

Motor vehicles for transport of goods with gross vehicle weight exceeding 5 tons but not exceeding 20 tons

Motor vehicles for transport of goods with gross vehicle weight exceeding 20 tons

25%

25%

10%

0%

8470.50.00

EFD, cash registers, point of sale (POS), cashless machines

10%

0%

8701.20.90

Road tractors for semitrailers

10%

0%

8421.12.00

Clothes-dryers imported by licensed hotels

10%

0%

8451.30.00

Clothes-dryers imported by licensed hotels

0%

0%

7007.19.00

7007.29.00

Other toughened (tempered) and laminated safety glass

25%

10%

Duty reduction

Tariff

Description

Import duty

Previous rate

Effective rate from 1 July 2020 –
1 July 2021

6309.00.10

6309.00.20

6309.00.90

Worn clothing and other worn articles

35% or US$0.4/Kg

35%

1001.99.10 1001.99.90

Wheat grain

35%

10%

6309.00.10

6309.00.20

6309.00.90

Worn items of clothing

Worn items of footwear

Other worn articles

35% or US$0.40/Kg

35%

Tanzania

The Council has approved various stays of application of CET duty rates on select items in Tanzania, effective for one-year period from 1 July 2020. These measures, effected to address specific economic needs, have a two-fold effect; either an increase or a decrease in duty rates as follows:

Duty increment

Tariff

Description

Import duty

Previous rate

Effective rate from 1 July 2020 –
1 July 2021

6305.10.00

Sacks and bags, of Jute or other textile-based fibers of heading 53.03

 

35%

3605.00.00

Safety matches

 

25% or US$1.35/Kg

6907.21.00 6907.22.00 6907.23.00

Tiles

25%

35%

09.02

Processed tea

25%

35%

1805.00.00

Cocoa powder, not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter

0%

10%

18.06

Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa

25%

35%

1601.00.00

Sausages and similar products

25%

35%

1704.10.00

1704.90.00

Chewing gum

Other sugar confectionery (sweets)

25%

35%

19.05

Biscuits

25%

35%

2103.20.00

Tomato sauce

25%

35%

2201.10.00

Mineral water

25%

60%

4804.29.00

Sack kraft paper (Other)

10%

25%

7225.50.00 7226.92.00

Flat-rolled products of other alloy steel, of a width of 600 mm or more

10%

10% or US$125/MT

7212.30.00

7212.40.00

7212.50.00

Flat-rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel, of a width of less than 600 mm, clad, plated or coat-ed for one more year

25%

25% or US$250/MT

7212.60.00

Flat-rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel, of a width of less than 600 mm (clad)

10%

10% or US$250/MT

2520.20.00

Gypsum powder

0%

10%

3916.10.00

3916.20.00

3916.90.00

Monofilament of which any

cross-sectional dimension exceeds 1 mm, rods, sticks and profile shapes whether or not surface – worked but not otherwise worked of plastics

0%

10%

1701.14.90

Other cane sugar

100% or US$460/MT

35% on 40,000

Various tariffs

Meat and edible offals under Chapter 2

25%

35%

Duty reduction

Tariff

Description

Import duty

Previous rate

Effective rate from 1 July 2020 –
1 July 2021

6309.00.10

6309.00.20

6309.00.90

Worn items of clothing

Worn items of footwear

Other worn articles

35% or US$0.40/Kg

35%

8470.50.00

EFD, cash registers, point of sale (POS), cashless machines

10%

0%

8470.90.00

EFD, cash registers, point of sale (POS), cashless machines

10%

0%

Rwanda

The Council has approved various stays of application of CET duty rates on select items in Rwanda, effective for the one-year period from 1 July 2020. These measures, effected to address specific economic needs, have a two-fold effect; either an increase or a decrease in duty rates as follows:

Duty increment

Tariff

Description

Import duty

Previous rate

Effective rate from 1 July 2020 –
1 July 2021

1006.30.00

Semi milled or wholly milled rice

75% or US$345/MT

45% or US$345/MT

6309.00.10

6309.00.90

Worn items of clothing

Other worn articles

35% or US$0.40/Kg

US$2.5/Kg

6309.00.20

Worn items of footwear

35% or US$0.40/Kg

US$5/Kg

7311.00.00

Containers for compressed or liquefied gas, of iron or steel – liquid gas cylinders (LPG)

0%

25%

1701.12.90

1701.14.90

1701.91.00

1701.99.90

Other beet sugar

Other cane sugar

Containing added flavoring or coloring matter

Other sugar

100% or US$460/MT

25% for one year for imported sugar up to 70,000 MT quota limit

3505.20.00

3506.99.00

Glues based on starch

Other glues

25%

0%

41.07

4112.00.00

41.13

Leather further prepared after tanning or crusting, including parchment-dressed leather, of bovine (including buffalo) or equine

Leather further prepared after tanning...

Leather further prepared after tanning or crusting, including parchment-dressed leather, of other animals, without wool or hair on, whether or not split, other than leather of heading 41.14.

10%

0%

8470.50.00

EFD, cash registers, point of sale (POS), cashless machines

10%

0%

8470.90.00

EFD, cash registers, point of sale (POS), cashless machines

10%

0%

Various tariffs

Telecommunication equipment

Various

0%

Various tariffs

Goods imported for the use by Armed Forces Shop (AFOS)Rwanda

Various

0%

8421.12.00

Clothes dryers imported by licensed hotels

10%

0%

8451.30.00

Clothes dryers imported by licensed hotels

0%

0%

8704.22.90

Motor vehicles for transport of goods with gross vehicle weight exceeding 5 tons but not exceeding 20 tons

25%

10%

8704.23.90

Motor vehicles for transport of goods with gross vehicle weight exceeding 20 tons

25%

0%

8716.31.90

Other tanker trailers and tanker semi-trailers

10%

0%

8716.39.90

Other trailers and semi-trailers for the transport of goods

10%

0%

Duty reduction

Tariff

Description

Import duty

Previous rate

Effective rate from 1 July 2020 –
1 July 2021

8701.20.90

Road tractors for semitrailers

10%

0%

1001.99.10

1001.99.90

Wheat grain

35%

0%

8702.10.99

Buses for transportation of more than 25 persons not exceeding 50 persons

25%

10%

5608.11.00

Made up fishing nets

25%

10%

8523.52.00

Smart cards

25%

0%

8542.39.00

Other (sim cards)

25%

0%

7612.90.90

Milk cans

25%

10%

 

Goods imported for use by the Armed Forces Shop (AFOS) for Rwanda

Various

0%

Burundi

The Council has approved various stays of application of CET duty rates on select items in Burundi, effective for the one-year period from 1 July 2018. All measures granted to Burundi were decreases in applicable duty rates as follows:

Duty reduction

Tariff

Description

Import duty

Previous rate

Effective rate from 1 July 2020 –
1 July 2021

6309.00.10

6309.00.90

6309.00.20

Worn clothing and other worn articles

35% or US$0.4/Kg

35%

8704.22.90

Motor vehicles for transport of goods with gross vehicle weight exceeding 5 tons but not exceeding 20 tons

25%

10%

8704.23.90

Motor vehicles for transport of goods with gross vehicle weight exceeding 5 tons but not exceeding 20 tons

25%

0%

8701.20.90

Road tractors for semitrailers

10%

0%

8702.10.99

Buses for transportation of more than 25 persons and not exceeding 50 persons for one year

Buses for transportation of more than 50 persons for one year

25%

25%

10%

0%

Impact

Each of the EAC Member States, just like any other economy, is challenged every year to broaden the tax base and increase its tax to GDP ratio. Whereas higher tax rates are introduced to protect local industries, other new taxes are introduced to broaden the base. It is likely that the need to broaden the tax base will continue in the foreseeable future until countries become less reliant on borrowed funds to finance their budgets.

The new rates became effective on 1 July 2020.

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CONTACTS

For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:

Ernst & Young (Kenya), Nairobi

  • Hadijah Nannyomo
    hadijah.nannyomo@ke.ey.com
  • Robert Maina
    robert.maina@ke.ey.com
  • Emmanuel Makheti
    emmanuel.makheti@ke.ey.com

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