August 12, 2020
Belgium's Tax Authority publishes MDR FAQs
The Belgian Tax Authority published, on 26 June 2020, the long-awaited list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)1 regarding the interpretation of certain requirements and terminology of the final Mandatory Disclosure Rules (MDR) legislation, adopted on 12 December 2019,2 to implement the European Union (EU) Directive on the mandatory disclosure and exchange of cross-border tax arrangements (referred to as DAC6 or the Directive). Under DAC6, taxpayers and intermediaries are required to report cross-border reportable arrangements from 1 July 2020. However, reports will retrospectively cover arrangements where the first step is implemented between 25 June 2018 and 1 July 2020.3
The first reporting deadline in Belgium was recently deferred to the end of January of 2021.4
Key highlights of the issued FAQs are summarized below.
With respect to the term "arrangement," the FAQs confirm that, in principle, this term should be interpreted broadly and includes among others; the conclusion of a contract (except if this would constitute the daily activity of the intermediary), the incorporation of a subsidiary, and the migration of a company. However, the FAQs exclude (among others) the mere application of a domestic tax regime such as the application of the Belgian Innovation Income Deduction, the Dividend Received Deduction and the Belgian Expatriate Regime, etc., provided that it does not form part of a larger set of steps that would qualify as a (series of) arrangement(s). Moreover, certain services rendered by an intermediary are considered out of scope, such as accounting services, tax return compliance services, transfer pricing documentation services, services consisting of the assistance with a tax audit and a tax due diligence.
According to the FAQs, an arrangement is not "cross-border" if for example a Belgian company sells shares held in another Belgian company to the Belgian permanent establishment of a nonresident taxpayer. The FAQs provide similar examples of lacking a cross-border component.
Main benefit test
The FAQs mention that the "Main Benefit Test" (MBT) would only be met if the primary advantage or one of the primary advantages that one would reasonably expect to obtain from the arrangement, is a direct tax benefit. Such benefit can be obtained within or outside of the EU. The FAQs also provide a non-exhaustive list of tax benefits, such as a tax deduction, a non-inclusion in the tax basis and a tax deferral. The mere application of a foreign tax regime (even if preferential) does not automatically mean that the MBT would be met.
As to the concept of an intermediary, the FAQs outline the difference between a "promoter" and a "service provider." The FAQs provide that an internal financial department of a corporate taxpayer may also constitute an intermediary. In such case, the corporate taxpayer may have to report (and not its employees). In situations where there is more than one intermediary, then the reporting intermediary gives relief to the other intermediaries by passing on the reference number and a summary of the reported arrangement. The FAQs also recognize that an intermediary may invoke Legal Professional Privilege.
Hallmarks A-E of the Directive
Most elements of the hallmarks included in DAC6 are not expressly defined. The FAQs also provide some clarifications regarding the hallmarks included in the final MDR legislation such as:
Determining if there is a reportable cross-border arrangement raises complex technical and procedural issues for taxpayers and intermediaries. Taxpayers and intermediaries who have operations in Belgium should review their policies and strategies for logging and reporting tax arrangements so that they are fully prepared for meeting these obligations.
1 Link to the FAQs can be accessed through this link: FR/NL.
2 See EY Global Tax Alert, Belgium publishes legislation on Mandatory Disclosure Rules, dated 8 January 2020.
3 See EY Global Tax Alert, EU publishes Directive on new mandatory transparency rules for intermediaries and taxpayers, dated 5 June 2018.
4 See EY Global Tax Alert, Belgian update regarding deferred MDR reporting deadlines for reportable cross-border arrangements, dated 5 June 2020.
For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:
EY Tax Consultants BV, Antwerp
EY Tax Consultants BV, Hasselt
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Belgian Tax Desk, New York
PDF version of this Tax Alert