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December 20, 2022

2023 state disability, paid family and medical leave and long-term care insurance wage base and rates

Six jurisdictions (California, Hawaii, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and Rhode Island) operate state disability insurance (SDI) programs. Another 13 jurisdictions (California, Connecticut, Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island and Washington) are now operating, or will soon be operating, paid family and medical leave (PFML) insurance programs. Washington is currently the only jurisdiction with a long-term care (LTC) insurance program.

Depending on the jurisdiction, the employee may pay all contributions to the SDI, PFML or LTC program through wage withholding, or the employer and the employee may share the cost of the insurance coverage. Most states allow employers to use a private insurance company or self-insured plan in lieu of paying into the state insurance fund(s).

See our chart (in the attached PDF) showing the state SDI, PFML and LTC rates and taxable wage limits for 2023 based on information currently available.

Updates to this chart will be available in our 2023 Employment tax rates and limits report, anticipated to be available in January 2023, and updated throughout the year. You can find the report, once available, here.


Contact Information
For additional information concerning this Alert, please contact:
Workforce Tax Services - Employment Tax Advisory Services
   • Kristie Lowery (
   • Kenneth Hausser (
   • Debera Salam (

Published by NTD’s Tax Technical Knowledge Services group; Carolyn Wright, legal editor


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