March 20, 2023
West Virginia issues revised 2023 withholding tables and formulas for immediate use by employers
On March 16, 2023, West Virginia Governor Jim Justice announced that the West Virginia State Tax Department has released a revised Form IT-104, Employee's Withholding/Exemption Certificate and income tax withholding tables/formula for 2023, which employers should begin using immediately. The revised withholding tables/formula reflect the personal income tax cut that applies retroactive to January 1, 2023, under H.B. 2526.
(See EY Tax Alert, 2023-0439.)
In its withholding notice (IT-100.1.A), the Department instructs that when using the updated 2023 withholding tables or percentage method of withholding, employers should use the two-earner tables for all employees unless an employee has requested on the IT-104 that tax should be withheld at a lower rate. In that case, the one-earner tables should be utilized.
The two-earner table has been adjusted to account for the first three months of withholding at the old tax rates (and will remain at these rates in 2024 to account for new tax credits for which most taxpayers should be eligible). Accordingly, when using the two-earner table, there is no need to further adjust income tax withholding.
Additionally, the two-earner tables are computed at a higher tax rate to help prevent underwithholding for married persons filing a joint personal income tax return or for employees who are earning wages from more than one job.
The one-earner tables make no adjustments for these factors.
Effective immediately, the supplemental rate of withholding for irregular wage payments such as bonuses is shown in the following chart.
Supplemental withholding rates effective January 1, 2023
Published by NTD’s Tax Technical Knowledge Services group; Andrea Ben-Yosef, legal editor
EY Payroll News Flash