May 31, 2023
Canada | Prince Edward Island budget 2023-24
On 25 May 2023, Prince Edward Island's new Finance Minister, Jill Burridge, tabled the province's fiscal 2023-24 budget. The budget contains several tax measures affecting individuals.
The minister anticipates a deficit of $66.2m for 2022-23 and projects a deficit of $97.6m for 2023-24, followed by further reduced deficits for each of the next two fiscal years ($58.0m for 2024-25 and $31.5m for 2025-26). (Note: Currency references in this Alert are to the CA$.)
Following is a brief summary of the key tax measures.
Business tax measures
Corporate income tax rates
No changes are proposed to the corporate income tax rates or the $500,000 small-business limit.
Prince Edward Island's 2023 corporate income tax rates are summarized in Table A.
Table A — 2023 Prince Edward Island (PEI) corporate income tax rates1
1 The rates represent calendar-year-end rates unless otherwise indicated.
2 The federal corporate income tax rates for manufacturers of qualifying zero-emission technology are reduced to 7.5% for eligible income otherwise subject to the 15% federal general corporate income tax rate or 4.5% for eligible income otherwise subject to the 9% federal small-business corporate income tax rate. These reductions are not reflected in the combined federal and Prince Edward Island rates above.
3 An additional tax applies to banks and life insurers at a rate of 1.5% on taxable income (subject to a $100m exemption to be shared by group members), effective for taxation years ending after 7 April 2022 (prorated for tax years straddling this effective date).
Personal income tax rates
The minister proposes that, beginning in 2024, the current three brackets and personal income tax rates, plus the surtax, be replaced with a five-bracket system with higher bracket thresholds and lower rates in the current brackets, as outlined in Table B.
The minister also committed to review these brackets and rates on an annual basis.
Table B — 2023 and 2024 Prince Edward Island personal income tax rates
1 Based on the budget's proposed changes to the low-income tax reduction and the basic personal amount (see below), individuals resident in Prince Edward Island on 31 December 2023 with taxable income up to $16,321 will pay no provincial income tax. The low-income tax reduction will be clawed back for income exceeding $20,750 until the reduction is eliminated, resulting in an additional 5% of provincial tax on income between $20,751 and $27,750. Similarly, individuals resident in Prince Edward Island on 31 December 2024 with taxable income up to $17,127 will pay no provincial income tax as a result of a low-income tax reduction. The low-income tax reduction will be clawed back for income exceeding $21,500 until the reduction is eliminated, resulting in an additional 5% of provincial tax on income between $21,501 and $28,500.
As mentioned above, the current additional 10% surtax on provincial income tax exceeding $12,500, which is effectly equivalent to a fourth bracket rate of 18.37% on taxable income above $100,661 (or $101,101 if the proposed increase in the basic personal amount for 2023 is taken into account — see below), will be eliminated for 2024.
For taxable income exceeding $106,717, the 2023 combined federal-Prince Edward Island personal income tax rates are outlined in Table C.
Table C — Combined 2023 federal and Prince Edward Island personal income tax rates
1 The rate on capital gains is one-half the ordinary income tax rate.
2 The federal basic personal amount comprises two elements: the base amount ($13,521 for 2023) and an additional amount ($1,479 for 2023). The additional amount is reduced for individuals with net income exceeding $165,430 and is fully eliminated for individuals with net income exceeding $235,675. Consequently, the additional amount is clawed back on net income exceeding $165,430 until the additional tax credit of $222 is eliminated; this results in additional federal income tax (e.g., 0.32% on ordinary income) on net income between $165,431 and $235,675.
Personal tax credits and other amounts
This budget proposes changes to the following personal credits and other amounts:
Other tax measures
The budget proposes to reset assessment rates to levels equivalent to 2020 to prevent a sharp increase in 2024.
Tax on vaping products
The budget proposes that the provincial portion of a coordinated tax on vaping products for 2024 be as follows:
For up-to-date information on the federal, provincial and territorial budgets, visit ey.com/ca/Budget.
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Toronto
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Quebec and Atlantic Canada
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Prairies
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Vancouver
Published by NTD’s Tax Technical Knowledge Services group; Carolyn Wright, legal editor