June 26, 2023
California will require state disability insurance contributions on all covered wages starting in 2024
Under SB 951, enacted in 2022 and effective January 1, 2024, the contribution limit (wage cap) applicable to California’s state disability insurance (SDI) tax is removed, resulting in SDI tax on all taxable wages.
California SDI taxes are paid by employees. For 2023, the contribution rate is 0.9% on annual wages up to $153,164 for a maximum contribution of $1,378.48. (California Employment Development Department (EDD), 2023 contribution rates.)
California’s SDI program provides both short-term disability and family leave benefits to covered employees.
Private insurance (voluntary plans)
In lieu of participating in California’s SDI program, employers can apply to the EDD for approval of a voluntary short-term disability and family leave plan. A voluntary plan can be self-insured or provided by a third-party insurer.
Voluntary plans must:
More information about voluntary plans is available here.
Ernst & Young LLP insights
Considering the increase in California SDI taxes that will apply starting in 2024 to employees earning more than the current SDI contribution limit, employers may want to evaluate if a voluntary plan can lower costs.
Published by NTD’s Tax Technical Knowledge Services group; Andrea Ben-Yosef, legal editor
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